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Please note that this bibliography is a work in progress. Please email Matthew Kerby at if you have a reference that you think should be added to this list.

Alderman, R. K. 1976. “The Appointment of Ministers: An Exercise in Political Bargaining.” Parliamentary Affairs 29:101—134.

Alderman, R. K. 1995. “A Defence of Frequent Ministerial Turnover.” Public Administration 73(Winter):497—512.

Alderman, R. K. and J. A. Cross. 1967. The Tactics of Resignation: A Study in British Cabinet Government. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Alderman, R. K. and J. A. Cross. 1981. “Patterns of Turnover in Two Labour Cabinets.” Political Studies 29:425—430.

Alderman, R. K. and J. A. Cross. 1985. “The Reluctant Knife: Reflections on the Prime Minister’s Powers of Dismissal.” Parliamentary Affairs 38:387—407.

Alderman, R. K. and J. A. Cross. 1987. “The Timing of Cabinet Reshuffles.” Parliamentary Affairs 40:1—19.

Alderman, R. K. and J.A. Cross. 1986. “Rejuvenating the Cabinet: the Record of Post-War British Prime Ministers Compared.” Political Studies 34:639—649.

Alderman, R. K. and Neil Carter. 1991. “A Very Tory Coup: The Ousting of Mrs Thatcher.” Parliamentary Affairs 44:125—139.

Alderman, R. K. and Neil Carter. 1992. “The Logistics of Ministerial Reshuffles.” Public Administration 70(4):519—534.

Alderman, R.K. and J. A. Cross. 1979. “Ministerial Reshuffles and the Civil Service.” British Journal of Political Science 9:41—65.

Alesina, Alberto and Nouriel Roubini. 1994. “Political Cycles in OECD Countries.” Review of Economic Studies 59.

Alt, James E. 1975. Continuity, Turnover, and Experience in the British Cabinet, 1868-1970. In Cabinet Studies: A Reader, ed. Valentine Herman and James E. Alt. Houndmills: Macmillan.

Andeweg, Rudy B. 2000. “Ministers as Double Agents? The Delegation Process Between Cabinet and Ministers.” European Journal of Political Research 37:377—395.

Back, Hanna, Thomas Persson, Kare Verby and Helena Wockelberg. 2008. In Tranquil Waters: Swedish Cabinet Ministers in the Post-war Era. In The Selection of Ministers in Europe: Hiring and Firing, ed. Keith Dowding and Patrick Dumont. Londong: Routledge.

Back, Hannah, Patrick Dumont, Henk Eirk Mejer, Thomas Persson and Kare Verby. 2008. “Does European Integration Lead to a “Presidentialisation” of Executive Politics? Ministerial Selection in Swedish Postwar Cabinets.” European Union Politics 10(2):225—252.

Bakema, W. E. Secker and I. P Secker. 1988. “Ministerial Expertise and the Dutch Case.” European Journal of Political Research 16(2):153—177.

Baker, R. J. S. 1972. “The V. and G. Affair and Ministerial Responsibility.” Political Quarterly 43:340—345.

Barberis, Peter. 1998. “The New Public Management and a New Accountability.” Public Administration 76(3):451—470.

Barker, Anthony. 1998. “Political Responsibility for the UK Prison Service: Ministers Escape Again.” Public Administration 76(1):1—23.

Baston, Lewis. 2000. Sleaze: The State of Britain. London: Channel Four Books.

Berlinski, Samuel, Torun Dewan and Keith Dowding. 2007a. “The Length of Ministerial Tenure in the UK, 1945-1997.” British Journal of Political Science 37(2):245—262.

Berlinski, Samuel, Torun Dewan and Keith Dowding. 2007b. “Performance Evaluation of British Ministers.”

Blick, B. 1999. “Ministerial Responsibility in Practice: Ministerial Guide – A Commentary.” Australian Journal of Public Administration 58(1):58—61.

Blondel, Jean. 1985. Government and Ministers in the Contemporary World. London: Sage.

Blondel, Jean. 1993. Individual Ministers: Roles and Attitudes. In The Profession of Ministers, ed. Jean Blondel. London: Sage.

Blondel, Jean and Jean-Louis Thiebault. 1991. The Profession of Government Minister in Western Europe. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Blondel, Jean and Nick Manning. 2002. “Do Ministers Do What they Say? Ministerial Unreliability, Collegiality and Hierarchical Government.” Political Studies 50:455—476.

Bogdanor, Vernon. 1997. “Ministerial Accountability.” Parliamentary Affairs 50(1):71—83.

Boyle, Lord. 1980. “Address to the Royal Institute of Public Administration.” Public Administration 58:1—12.

Brams, Steven J. and P. J. Affusso. 1989. “New Paradoxes of Power on the EC Council of Ministers.” Electoral Studies 4:135—139.

Brandstrom, Annika and Sanneke Kuipers. 2pp3. “From “Normal Incidents” to Political Crises: Understanding the Selective Politicization of Policy Failures.” Government and Opposition 38(3):279—305.

Brazier, R. 1990. “Post-Resignation Explanations.” Public Law Autumn:300—307.

Brazier, R. 1995. “The Resignation of John Major.” Public Law Winter:513—525.

Brazier, Rodney. 1997. Ministers of the Crown. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Butler, David, Andrew Adonis and Tony Travers. 1994. Failure in British Government: The Politics of the Poll Tax. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Butler, David and Gareth Butler. 2000. Twentieth-Century British Political Facts 1900-2000. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Chabal, Pierre M. 2003. “Do Ministers Matter? The Individual Style of Ministers in Programmed Policy Change.” International Review of Administrative Sciences 69(1):29—49.

Chester, D. N. 1989. The Crichel Down Case. In Ministerial Responsibility, ed. Goeffrey Marshall. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clarence, N. 2002. “Ministerial Responsibility and the Scottish Qualifications Agency.” Public Administration 80(4):791—803.

Cooper, J. 1990. “”Sleaze-bags” and “Wet Prawns”.” Legislative Studies 5(1).

Damgaard, Eric. 2004. “Developments in Danish Parliamentary Democracy: Accountability, Parties and External Constraints.” Scandanavian Political Studies 27(2):115—131.

Dato, Jose and Miguel Jerez-Mir. 2008. The Selection and De-selection of Ministers in Democratic Spain. In The Selection of Ministers in Europe: Hiring and Firing, ed. Keith Dowding and Patrick Dumont. London: Routledge.

Deacon, David. 2004. “Politicians, Privacy and Media Intrusion in Britain.” Parliamentary Affairs 57(1):9—23.

Delafons, J. 1982. “Working in Whitehall: Changes in Public Administration 1952-1982.” Public Administration .

Denver, David. 1998. The Government That Could Do No Right. In New Labour Triumps: Britain at the Polls, ed. Anthony King. Chatham NJ: Chatham House pp. 15—48.

Dewan, Torun and David P. Myatt. 2007. “Scandal, Protection, and Recovery in Political Cabinets.” American Political Science Review 101(1):63—78.

Dewan, Torun and Keith Dowding. 2005. “The Corrective Effect of Ministerial Resignations on Government Popularity.” American Journal of Political Science 49(1):46—56.

Dobel, Patrick. 1999. “The Ethics of Resigning.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 18(2):245—263.

Doherty, Michael. 1988. “Prime Ministerial Power and Ministerial Responsibility in the Thatcher Era.” Parliamentary Affairs 41:49—67.

Doig, Alan. 1989. “The Resignation of Edwina Currie: A Word Too Far.” Parliamentary Affairs 42:317—329.

Doig, Alan. 1993. “The Double Whammy: The Resignation of David Mellor, MP.” Parliamentary Affairs 46:167—178.

Doig, Alan. 2001. “Sleaze: Picking Up the Threads or “Back to Basics” Scandals?” Parliamentary Affairs 54(2):360—75.

Doig, Alan. 2002. “Sleaze Fatigue in “the House of Ill-Repute”.” Parliamentary Affairs 55(2):389—399.

Doig, Alan. 2003. “Politics and Sleaze: Conservative Ghosts and Labour’s Own Brand.” Parliamentary Affairs 56(2):322—333.

Doig, Alan and J. Wilson. 1995. “Untangling the Threads of Sleaze: the Slide into Nolan.” Parliamentary Affairs 48(4):562—578.

Dopel, J. P. 1999. “The Ethics of Resigning.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 18(2):322—333.

Douglas-Home, William, written Brown and researched by Jennifer. 1987. The Prime Ministers: Stories and Anecdotes from Number 10. London: W H Allen.

Dowding, Keith. 1995. The Civil Service. London: Routledge. 94048461 Keith Dowding. Includes bibliographical references and index.

Dowding, Keith, Chris Lewis and Adam Packer. 2010. “Ministerial Exits in the Australian Commonwealth Government.”.

Dowding, Keith and Patrick Dumont. 2009. The Selection of Ministers in Europe: Hiring and Firing. London: Routledge.

Dowding, Keith and Won-Taek Kang. 1998a. “Factors Affecting Ministerial Resignations in the UK.”.

Dowding, Keith and Won-Taek Kang. 1998b. “Ministerial Resignations 1945-97.” Public Administration 76(3):411—429.

Dumont, Patrick, Lieven De Winter and Regis Dandoy. 2001. “Demissions gouvernmentales et performances electorales des majorities sortantes (1946-1999).” Courrierr hebdomadaire du CRISP n 1722.

Dunleavy, Patrick. 1990. “Reinterpreting the Westland Affair: Theories of the State and Core Executive Decision Making.” Public Administration 68:29—60.

Dunleavy, Patrick, G. W. Jones and Brenda O’Leary. 1990. “Prime Ministers and the Commons: Patterns of Behaviour, 1868 to 1987.” Public Administration 68:123—140.

Dunleavy, Patrick, G. W. Jones, Jane Burnham, Robert Elgie and Peter Fysh. 1993. “Leaders, Politics and Institutional Change: The Decline of Prime Ministerial Accountability to the House of Commons, 1868-1990.” British Journal of Political Science 23:267—298.

Dunleavy, Patrick and Stuart Weir. 1995. Media, Opinion and the Constitution. In Sleaze: Politicians, Private Interests and Public Reaction, ed. F. F. Ridley and Alan Doig. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ellis, David L. 1980. “Collective Ministerial Responsibility and Collective Solidarity.” Public Law (367-396).

Englefield, Dermot, Janet Seaton and Isobel White. 1995. Facts About Prime Ministers. London: Mansell Publishing.

Evans, H. 1999. “Parliament and Extra-Parliamentary Accountability Institutions.” Australian Journal of Public Administration 58(1):87—89.

Finer, S. E. 1956. “The Individual Responsibility of Ministers.” Public Administration 34:377—396.

Fischer, Jorn, Andre Kaiser and Ingo Rohfling. 2006. “The Push and Pull of Ministerial Resignations in Germany, 1969-2005.” West European Politics 29:709—35.

Flinders, M. 2000. “The Enduring Centrality of Individual Ministerial Responsibility within the British Constitution.” Journal of Legislative Studies 6(3):73—92.

Foley, Michael. 2004. “Presidential Attribution as an Agency of Prime Ministerial Critique in a Parliamentary Democracy: The Case of Tony Blair.” British Journal of Politics and International Relations 6(3):292—311.

Freely, Terence. 1981. Number 10: The Private Lives of Six Prime Ministers. London: Sigdwick and Jackson.

Fry, Geoffrey. 1969-70. “Thoughts on the Present State of Ministerial Responsibility.” Parliamentary Affairs 23:10—20.

Ganz, Goeffrey. 1980. “Parliamentary Accountability of the Crown Agents.” Public Law pp. 456—480.

Garment, Suzanne. 1991. Scandal: The Culture of Mistrust In American Politics. New York: Times Books.

Gastor, Robin. 1988. Sex, Spies and Scandal: The Profumo Affair and British Politics. In The Politics of Scandal: Power and Process in Liberal Democracies, ed. Andrei S. Marokovits and Mark Silverstein. New York: Holmes and Meier pp. 62—88.

Gay, O. and T. Powell. 2004. The Collective Responsibility of Ministers. London: House of Commons Working Paper.

Giddings, P. 1995. Parliamentary Accountability: A Study of Parliament and Executive Agencies. London: Macmillan.

Gregory, R. 1998. “Political Responsibility for Bureaucratic Incomptence: Tragedy at Cave Creek.” Public Administration 76(3):519—532.

Grey, Earl. 1969. Parliamentary Government 1858. In The Nineteenth-century Constitution: Documents and Commentary, ed. H. J. Hanham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gunn, Lewis A. 1972. “Politicians and Officials: Who is Answerable?” Political Quartery 43:253—260.

Hageman, Sara. 2007. “Applying Ideal Point Estimation Methods to the Council of Ministers.” European Union Politics 8(2):279—296.

Headey, Bruce. 1974. British Cabinet Ministers. London: Allen and Unwin.

Heffernan, Richard. 2003. “Prime Ministerial Predominance? Core Executive Politics in the UK.” British Journal of Politics and International Relations 5(3):347—372.

Hellicar, Eileen. 1978. Prime Ministers of Britain. London: Davd and Charles.

Helms, L. 2005. Presidents, Prime Ministers and Chancellors. Houndmills: Macmillan.

Hennessy, Peter. 1986. “The Westland Affair.” Journal of Law and Society 13:423—432.

Hennessy, Peter. 2001. The Prime Minister: The Office and Its Holders Since 1945. London: Penguin.

Herman, Valentine. 1975. Comparative Perspectives on Ministerial Stability in Britain. In Cabinet Studies: A Reader, ed. Valentine Herman and James E. Alt. London: Macmillan pp. 55—76.

Herne, Kaiser and Hannu Nurmi. 1993. “The Distribution of A Priori Voting Power in the EC Council of Ministers and the European Parliament.” Scandanavian Political Studies 16:269—84.

Holland, Ian. 2004. “Reforming the Conventions Regarding Parliamentary Scrutiny of Ministerial Actions.” Australian Journal of Public Administration 63(2):3—15.

Hosli, Madeline O. 1993. “Admission of Euopean Free Trade Association States to the European Community: Effects on Voting Power in the European Council of Ministers.” International Organization 47:629—43.

Howard, John. 1996. Guidelines on Ministerial Conduct. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Huber, John D. and Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo. 2004. “Cabinet Instability and the Accumulation of Experience: The French Fourth and Fifth Republics in Comparative Perspective.” British Journal of Political Science 34(1):27—48.

Huber, John D. and Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo. 2008. “Replacing Cabinet Ministers: Patterns of Ministerial Stability in Parliamentary Democracies.” American Political Science Review 102(2):169—180.

Indridason, Indridi H. and Christopher Kam. 2005. “The Timing of Cabinet Reshuffles in Five Parliamentary Systems.” Journal of Legislative Studies 30(3):327—363.

Indridason, Indridi H. and Christopher Kam. 2008. “Cabinet Shuffles and Ministerial Drift.” British Journal of Political Science 38(4):621—656.

Ingham, Barnard. 1991. Kill the Messenger. London: Harper-Collins.

Johnston, R. J. 1995. “The Conflict over Qualified Majority Voting in the European Council of Ministers: An Analysis of the UK Negotiating Stance.” British Journal of Political Science 25:245—54.

Johnston, R. J. and A. J. Hunt. 1977. “Voting Power in the EEC’s Council of Ministers: An Essay on Method in Political Geography.” Geoforum 8:1—9.

Johnstone, Dorothy. 1986. “Facelessness: Anonymity in the Civil Service.” Parliamentary Affairs 39:407—420.

Jones, George. 1987. “An Answer: Stand up for Ministerial Responsibility.” Public Administration 65:87—91.

Jones, George. 1995. The Downfall of Margaret Thatcher. In Prime Minister, Cabinet and Core Executive, ed. R. A. W. Thodes and Patrick Dunleavy. London: Macmillan pp. 87—107.

Jones, P. 2000. “Reviewing the Fourth Estate: Democratic Accountability and the Media.” Journal of Sociology 36:239—247.

Jordan, Grant. 1983. Individual Ministerial Responsibility: Absolute or Obsolete? In The Scottish Yearbook, ed. D. McCrone. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Jordan, Grant. 1994. The British Administrative System: Principles versus Practice. London: Routledge.

Kam, C. 2000. “Not Just Parliamentary “Cowboys and Indians”: Ministerial Responsibility and Bureaucratic Drift.” Governance 13(3):365—392.

Kaufman, Gerald. 1997. How to be a Minister. London: Faber and Faber.

Kavanagh, Dennis and David Richards. 2003. “Prime Ministers, Ministers and Civil Servants in Britain.” Comparative Sociology 2(1):175—176.

Kenig, Ofter and Shlomit Barnea. 2009. “The Selection of Ministers in Israel: Is the Prime Minister A Master of His Domain?”, Israel Affairs, Vol. 15 (3), pp. 261-278.

Kerby, Matthew. 2009. “Worth the Wait: The determinants of ministerial appointment in Canada, 1935-2008.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 42(3):593—611.

Kerby, Matthew and Raj S. Chari. 2002. “”Policy Scandals”: A Spanish Case.” Government and Opposition 37(3):409—425.

King, Anthony. 1985. The British Prime Ministers. Houndmills: Macmillan.

King, Anthony. 1986. Sex Money and Power. In Politics in Britain and the United States, ed. Richard Hodder-Williams and James Ceasar. Durham: Duke University Press.

King, Anthony. 1991. “The British Prime Ministership in the Age of the Career Politician.” West European Politics 14:25—47.

King, Anthony. 1994. Ministerial Autonomy in Britain. In Cabinet Ministers and Parliamentary Government, ed. Michael Laver and Kenneth Shepsle. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press pp. 203—225.

Klein, Rudolf and Janet Lewis. 1977. “Advice and Dissent in British Government: The Case of the Special Advisers.” Policy and Politics 6:1—25.

Kwok, Rowena. 2003. “From Administrative State to Ministerial System: The Quest for Accountability in Hong Kong.” Commonwealth and Comparative Studies 41(1):101—128.

Laver, Michael and Kenneth Shepsle. 1994. Cabinet Ministers and Parliamentary Government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Leigh, I. and L. Lustgarten. 1996. “Five Volumes in Search of Accountability: The Scott Report.” The Modern Law Review 59(5):695—725.

Lewis, Norman and Diane Longley. 1996. “Ministerial Responsibility: The Next Steps.” Public Law pp. 490—507.

Long, Norton E. 1993. “The Ethics and Efficacy of Resignation in Public Administration.” Administration and Society 25(1):3—11.

Lull, James and Stephen Hinerman. 1997. Media Scandals: Morality and Desire in the Popular Culture Marketplace. Cambridge: Polity.

Manow, Philip. 2005. “’Will Junior Ever Grow Up?’ or, Where and When do Junior Ministers Become Senior Ministers? An Empirical Investigation for 23 OECD Countries, 1949-2003.”.

Manow, Philip and Hendrik Zorn. 2004. “Office versus Policy Motives in Portfolio Allocation: The Case of Junior Ministers.”.

Maor, Moshe. 2004. “Feeling the Heat? Anticorruption Mechanisms in Comparative Perspective.” Governance: An International Journal of Policy and Administration 17(1):1—28.

Markovits, Andrei and Mark Silverstein. 1988. The Politics of Scandal: Power and Process in Liberal Democracies. New York: Holmes and Meier.

Marshall, Geoffrey. 1986. Constitutional Conventions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Marshall, Geoffrey. 1989. Individual Responsibility: Some Post-War Examples. In Ministerial Responsibility, ed. Geoffrey Marshall. Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 127—133.

Marshall, Geoffrey. 1991. “Parliamentary Accountability.” Parliamentary Affairs 44:460—469.

Marshall, Geoffrey. 1992. “Ministerial Responsibility, The Home Office and Mr Baker.” Public Law pp. 7—12.

Marshall, Geoffrey and Graham Moodie. 1959. Some Problems of the Constitution. London: Hutchinson.

Martin, Lanny W. and Georg Vanberg. 2004. “Policing the Bargain: Coalition Government and Parliamentary Scrutiny.” American Journal of Political Science 48(1):13—27.

Massey, Andrew. 1995. “Civil Service Reform and Accountability.” Public Policy and Administration 10(1):16—33.

Masuyama, Mikitaka. 2007. “The Survival of Prime Ministers and the House of Councillors.” Social Science Japan Journal 10(1):81—93.

McAllister, Ian. 2003. “Prime Ministers, Opposition Leaders and Government Popularity in Australia.” Australian Journal of Political Science 38(2):259—277.

McEldowney, John. 1997. “The Scott Report: Inquiries, Parliamentary Accountabilyt and Government Control in Britain.” Democratization 4(4):135—156.

Morgan, Kenneth O. 1992. The People’s Peace: British History 1945-1990. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mountfield, Robin. 1997. “Organizational Reform within Government: Accountability and Policy.” Public Administration and Development 17(1):71—76.

Mulgan, R. 2000. “Accountability: An Ever Expanding Concept.” Public Administration 58(3):555—574.

Mulgan, Richard. 2002. “On Ministerial Resignations (and the Lack Thereof).” Australian Journal of Public Administration 61(2):121—127.

Nicholson, I. F. 1986. The Mystery of Crichel Down. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Norton, Phillip. 2002. Barons in Shrinking Kingdoms: Senior Ministers in British Governemnt. In Transforming British Government Volume 2: Changing Roles and Relationships, ed. R. A. W. Rhodes. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Nurmi, H., T. Meskanen and A. Pajala. 1998. Calculus of Consent in the EU Council of Ministers. In Power Indices and Coalition Formation, ed. M. J. Holler and G. Owen.

Oliver, Dawn. 1998. “Freedom of Information and Ministerial Accountability.” Public Law pp. 171—175.

Oliver, Dawn and Rodney Austin. 1987. “Political and Constitutional Aspects of the Westland Affair.” Parliamentary Affairs 40:20—40.

O’Malley, Eoin. 2006. “Ministerial Selection in Ireland: Limited Choice in a Political Village.” Irish Political Studies 21(3):319—336.

O’Toole, B. and R. Chapman. 1995. Parliamentary Accountability. In Next Steps: Improving Management in Government?, ed. B. O’Toole and G. Jordan. Aldershot: Dartmouth pp. 118—141.

Page, Barbara. 1990. “Ministerial Resignation and Individual Ministerial Responsibility in Australia 1976-1989.” Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 28:141—161.

Palmer, Mathew S. R. 1995. “Towards an Economics of Comparative Political Organization: Examining Ministerial Responsibility.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 11:164—188.

Pappadackis, E. 1999. “Constituents of Confidence and Mistrust in Australian Institutions.” Australian Journal of Political Science 34(1):75—93.

Paxman, Jeremy. 2003. The Political Animal. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Phythian, Mark and Walter Little. 1993. “Parliament and Arms Sales: Lessons of the Matrix Churchill Affair.” Parliamentary Affairs 46:293—308.

Poguntke, Thomas and Paul Webb. 2005. The Presidentialization of Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Polidano, C. 1999. “The Bureaucrat Who Fell Under a Bus: Ministerial Responsibiliyt, Executive Agencies and the Derek Lewis Affair in Britain.” Governance 12(2):201—229.

Polidano, Charles. 2000. “The Bureaucrats Who Almost Fell Under a Bus: A Reassertion of Ministerial Responsibility?” Political Quartery pp. 177—183.

Polidano, Charles. 2001. “An Exocet in a Red Box: Parliamentary Accountability in the Sandline Affair.” Public Administration 79(2):249—275.

Pyper, R. 1995. Ministerial Responsibility and Next Steps Agencies. In Parliamentary Accountability: A Study of Parliament and Executive Agencies, ed. P. Giddings. London: Macmillan pp. 19—32.

Pyper, R. 1996. Parliamentary Accountability. In Aspects of Accontability in the British System of Government, ed. R. Pyper. Wirral: Tudor Business Publishing pp. 45—81.

Pyper, Robert. 1983. “The F. O. Resignations: Individual Responsibility Revived?” Teaching Politics 12:200—210.

Pyper, Robert. 1985. “Sarah Tisdall, Ian Willmore, and the Civil Servants “Right to Leak”.” Political Quartery 56:72—81.

Quiroz Flores, Alejandro. 2009. “The Political Survival of Foreign Ministers.” Foreign Policy Analysis 5(2):117—133.

Quiroz Flores, Alejandro. 2010. The Ministerial Condition: Political Survival and Cabinet Change PhD thesis Wilf Family Department of Politics. New York University.

Regan, C. M. 1986. “Anonymity in the British Civil Service: Facelessness Diminished.” Parliamentary Affairs 39:421—436.

Riddell, Peter. 2004. “Prime Ministers and Parliament.” Parliamentary Affairs 57(4):814—829.

Ridley, F. F. 1986. “Political Neutrality in the Civil Service.” Social Studies Review 1:23—28.

Robinson, Ann, F. F. Ridley and G. W. Jones. 1987. “Symposium on Ministerial Responsibility.” Public Administration 65:61—91.

Robson, W. 1970. Ministerial Control of Nationalised Industries. In Government Enterprise: A Comparative Study, ed. W. Friedmann and J. Garner. London: Stevens and Sons pp. 79—90.

Rose, Richard. 1971. “The Making of Cabinet Ministers.” British Journal of Political Science 1:394—414.

Rose, Richard. 1987. Ministers and Ministries: A Functional Analysis. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Rose, Richard. 2001. The Prime Minister in a Shrinking World. Oxford: Polity.

Rudd, Kevin. 2007. Standards of Ministerial Ethics. Canberra: Australian Government.

Sanders, Karen, Tim Bale and Maria Jose Canel. 1999. “Managing Sleaze: Prime Ministers and News Management in Conservative Britain and Socialist Spain.” European Journal of Communication 14(4):461—486.

Schevchenko, Iulia. 2005. “Easy Come, Easy Go: Ministerial Turnover in Russia, 1990-2004.” Europe-Asia Studies 57(3):399—428.

Scott, Sir R. 1996. “Ministerial Accountability.” Public Law Autumn:410—426.

Smith, Martin J. 1994. “The Core Executive and the Resignation of Mrs Thatcher.” Public Administration 72:341—363.

Stone, B. 1995. “Administrative Accountability in the “Westminster Democracies”: Towards a New Conceptual Framework.” Governance 8(4):505—526.

Sutherland, S. L. 1991. “Responsible Government and Ministerial Responsibility: Every Reform Is Its Own Problem.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 24(1):91—120.

Theakston, Kevin. 1987. Junior Ministers in British Government. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Thiebault, Jean-Louis. 1991. The Social Background opf Western European Cabinet Ministers. In The Profession of Government Ministers in Western Europe, ed. Jean Blondel and Jean-Louis Thiebault. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Thompson, Dennis E. 1980. “Moral Responsibility of Public Officials: The Problem of Many Hands.” American Political Science Review 74:905—916.

Thompson, Elaine and Greg Tillotsen. 1999. “Caught in the Act: The Smoking Gun View of Ministerial Responsibility.” Australian Journal of Public Administration 58(1):48—57.

Tiernan, Anne. 2007. Power With Responsibilit: Ministerial Staffers in Australian Government from Whitlam to Howard. Sydney: University of South Wales Press.

Tomkins, A. 1998. The Constitution After Scott. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Turpin, Colin. 1993. Ministerial Responsibility: Myth or Reality. In The Changing Constitution, ed. Jeffrey Jowell and Dawn Oliver. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Venter, Albert. 1993. “Ministerial Responsibility: Lessons from Britain, Cases in South Africa.” Politicon 2(2):92—110.

Walker, David. 2003. “Ministers and Management.” Public Money and Management .

Weaver, R. Kent. 1986. “The Politics of Blame Avoidance.” Journal of Public Policy 6(4).

Weller, Patrick. 1992. Menzies to Keating: The Development of the Australian Prime Ministership. Carlton, Victoria: Melbourne University Press.

Weller, Patrick. 1999. “Disentangling Concepts of Ministerial Responsibility.” Australian Journal of Public Administration 58(1):62—64.

Weller, Patrick. 2007. Cabinet Government in Australia, 1901-2006. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.

Wheare, K. C. 1966. Modern Constitutions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wheare, K. C. 1975. “Crichel Down Revisited.” Political Studies 26:390—408.

Wheen, Francis. 1990. Tom Driberg: His Life and Indiscretions. London: Chatto and Windus.

Woodhouse, Diana. 1993a. “Ministerial Responsibility in the 1990s: When Do Ministers Resign?” Parliamentary Affairs 46:277—292.

Woodhouse, Diana. 1993b. “Ministerial Responsibility: The Abdication of Responsibility through the Receipt of Legal Advice.” Public Law pp. 412—419.

Woodhouse, Diana. 1994. Ministers and Parliament: Accountability in Theory and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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